《恋词7000》Unit6

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necessary

adj.必要的
n.生活必需品

eg: The necessary agro-technological tools to eradicate hunger.

eradicate: 连根拔起,铲除,消灭

  • evacuate 清空,撤空
  • extinguish 灭亡
    • extinguisher 灭火器

+necessity

马斯洛需求:Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

  1. Battery
  2. Wifi/5G Wireless Fidelity
  3. Survival , physiological needs
  4. Safety and Security
  5. Social Needs: friends,family
  6. Esteem 尊重
    • self-esteem,confidence,achievement
  7. Self-actualization 自我实现,实现自我价值
    • creativity, problem solving, Charity
    • Bill Gates, Buffett, naked donation(全部捐掉)
    • authenticity (真实), spontaneity (spontaneously,自发,自觉的)

essentail

adj. 基本的,本质的

eg: Be essential to proper functioning of captial markets.

。。。对于资本市场的正常运行必不可少。

essential needs

indispensable

adj. 不可分割,必不可少的

eg: For poor contries which prize growth over greenery, coal seems indispensable: cheap,abundant and reliable.

love abounds 充满爱

vital

adj. 极其重要的,充满生机

+vitality 生命力

integral

adj. 必须的,不可缺少的,内置的

  • integrate 整合

  • integration 整合物

  • integrity 完整性,正直,忠诚


peer

n. 同龄人,同辈

v. 凝视,盯着

peer at sb

  • peer pressure
  • peer review 同行检查
  • to peer out of the window

match

n, 比赛,火柴,旗鼓相当的人

v.配对,般配

eg. The growth in visitors has been matched by a growth in lodgings, with 36 hotels opening in the past year,according to NYC & Company.

lodge. 落脚

accomodate 居住 accommodation.住宿

拓展:

eg. We always consider ourselves as a match made in heaven, but the truth is like a poem –”You fit into me like a hook into an eye. A fish hook, an open eye.”

counterpart

n. 职能相当的人,对应的事物

竞品 平行宇宙

  • rival 对手
  • enemy 敌人
  • opponent 反对者
  • competitor 竞争者

eg. And, again according to Gallup, remote workers log significantly longer hours than their office-bound counterparts.

远程协作的人们比起在办公室上班的员工工作时间要更久。

remote workers 远程工作的同事

log… 登录工作时间更久,significantly做程度表示

  • log in
  • boot on

be bound for

fellow

adj. 同事的,同伴的

n. 人,同事,伙伴

our fellow classmates 用fellow有更亲近的感觉

our fellow citizen

  • fellowship 研究生奖学金

noble

adj, 高贵的,崇高的

n. 贵族

truly noble and many character

特别富有人性味的特征

  • nobility 贵族阶层

aristocrat

n. 贵族(成员)

crat cracy cratic 高高在上

bureaucracy 官僚主义

  • aristocratic adj.贵族,贵族式的

Aristotle 亚里士多德

gaze

v. 因为惊奇,羡慕,心不在焉的凝视,注视,盯着看

stare

v. 盯着看

n. 不友好的凝视,unpolitely

  • to stare at the ceiling 盯着天花板,能力的最高点在哪

potential

adj. 潜在的,可能的

n. 潜力,潜能

leash 控制 unleash 释放 unleash your potential

eg. Self-driving cars have the potential to reduce those numbers, because they eliminate the driver inattention that leads to thousands of collisions, injuries and deaths.

  • a potential solution to this problem

capacity

n. 容量,容积,才能,能力,社会地位,身份

cap cab = hold 盛,装,容纳

​ = 抓住 capture

cab 出租车 cabin驾驶舱

cabinet 橱柜

come out of the cabinet 出柜

  • a boost in the storage capacity of batteries.
    • boost 提升,增高
    • boast 吹牛

capability

n. 能力,才能(困难),军事能力

be capable of sth / doing sth

possible

adj. 可能性(不大)

inspire the next 创新无极限

  • to reduce the possible negative effects of curiosity 减少可能带来的负面影响

likely

adj. 很可能的,恰当的

  • be less likely to develop calcium deficiency(缺钙)

probable

adj. 很可能,很有希望

  • probably
  • probability

reform

n. 改革

  • … of Reform and Opening-Up

  • the key to reforming higher education

  • reformation

  • reformist 改革主义的,改革者

revolution

n. 革命,巨变

  • the Industrial Revolution 工业革命
  • Information technology revolution
  • revolutionary 革命的,革命家
  • revolutionize 使。。。变革

risk

n. 风险

Risk comes from not knowing what you’re doing.

eg. California judges who are subject to election and recall might not want to risk releasing the wrong person.

受制于选举和罢免。。。

  • to insure yourself against the risk of unemployment
    • insure 买保险
    • ensure 确保~assure
    • self-assurance 自信
  • risky

threat

n. 威胁,恐吓

  • a looming threat to business-method patents.

  • threaten v.

hazard

n. 危险,危害

  • hazardous adj.危险的,有害的

endander

v.使处于危险

  • endangered species / red listed species

sport

v. 支撑,支持,赞助

n. 同

Emotional Support Animal

seeing-eye dog

  • to cultivate political support 文化上的培养
  • nurture 身体必须的营养
  • nourish 滋补的营养
  • nourishment 滋补品

endorse

v. 公开赞同认可,背书,代言

  • to endorse this sentiment 支持这个看法
    • sentimental 多愁善感
    • emotional
  • endorsement n.

champion

n. 冠军,捍卫者

v. 支持,拥护,捍卫

eg. “If what they’re looking to do is reduce productivity, lose talent, and increase cost, maybe they’re on to something.” sayss Kate Lister, the president of Global Workplace Analytics, which measures (and champions) working from home.

  • irony 讽刺的
  • to champion cunning, ruthlessness,and boldness.

    • cunning 狡猾
    • ruthlessness 冷血,无情
    • boldness 胆大
      • bald 秃头
  • championship 锦标赛,冠军赛

advocate

v. 主张,拥护

n. 拥护人

  • public-health advocates
  • to advocate freedom of thougth and of personal expression
  • advocacy 拥护,支持

uphold

aid

n. 帮助,援助

v. 帮助

  • Aiding Rural Primary School project 资助农村的小学项目
  • To need more than a Band-Aid 需要的不仅仅是一个创可贴
    • Band-Aid 邦迪创可贴,权宜之计

assist

v. 帮助

  • assistant 助手,助理
  • assistance
  • associate professor 副教授
  • assistant professor 助教

tend

v. 易于,往往会,倾向,趋于(to/towards)

  • an area humans tend to frequent

  • to tend to attach importance to pre-marital finance.

  • tendency

lean

v. 倚靠,倾斜

  • lean against
  • without a partner to lean on

incline

v. 使倾斜

n. 斜坡

  • inclination 爱好,意向

  • sexual inclination 性倾向

  • orientation 性取向

  • inclined to

care

v. 关心照料,护理

n. 照看

Be careless in your dress if you will but keep a tidy soul.


trend

n. 趋势,动向

  • the trend toward efficient living

tide

n. 潮水,潮汐

  • a tide of emigration

    • immigration 移出
    • emigrant 移入
  • tidal 受潮汐影响

fashion

n. 时尚

  • go out of fashion

  • out of time

  • fashionable

  • trendy

craze

n. 一时的狂热

  • a passing literary craze
  • crazy
  • fanatical 狂热的

fad

同上

  • passing fad

style


amount

n. 数量,数额

v. 达到,等于

eg. And with more than 20m Indians reaching school age every year, such caution amounts to a huge waste of talent.

  • massive amounts of harmful chemical.

  • to ammount to millions of cases

quantity

n. 量,数量,大量

  • large quantities of CO2

  • quantitative

volume

n. 体积,容积,一卷,一册,音量

  • The same volume of greenhouse gases
  • this slim volume 薄薄的书

sum

n. 总和

v. 总结,概括

aggregate=collect

total

  • in total
  • totally

assume

v. 假定,假设,呈现出,承担,担任,获得(权力)

eg. Kasim cautions that while upstarts are good for goosing a staid industry, they also assume the huge financial risks associated with health care coverage.

  • upstarts 新贵,新出头的人,暴发户
  • goose 激励
  • staid 死板的,一尘不变的
  • to assume an inverted V-formation 呈现出
    • inverted 反转的
  • assumption 假说

presume

推测,假定

speculate

v. 推测,投机

eg. As for why self-oriented perfectionism seems to be on the rise in the U.S.,it may be because of our hyperindividualistic(高度个人主义的文化) “where pressure is on the individual to succeed and self-gain is prized above all else,” Curran speculates.

  • prize A over B
  • speculation

shoulder

n. 肩膀

v. 肩负

  • to shoulder the blame